Open Source 12 Jan , 2014
Welcome Guys, To use Magento CE effectively, you should be familiar with the following terms and concepts of magento.
Attribute: A characteristic of a product. For example, an attribute of a digital camera
could be “resolution,” and the value of this attribute for a particular digital camera could
be “10 megapixels.” Customers can filter a list of products by values of one or more
Attribute Group: A logical grouping of attributes within an attribute set.
Attribute Set: A collection of attributes, customized to fit a certain type of product. For
example, if you sell several different kinds of T-shirts on your website, you can create
the T-shirts attribute set which will include the simple attributes commonly shared by all
of your T-shirts. This may include color, size, gender, and brand.
Bundle product: This product is composed of components that are presented in different
ways and are made from existing products. A good example of a bundle is a complete
computer. For this computer, you can configure how much RAM or what kind of
monitor is included with this computer in your store.
Category: A user-defined product classification. A category can have any number of
levels of subcategories.
Configurable product: This product enables your customers to select the variant that
they want by choosing options. For example, you can sell T-shirts in two colors and
three sizes. You would have to create six variants as individual products (each with its
own SKU) and then add these six to a configurable product where customers can choose
the size and color, and then add it to their cart.
Credit memo: A credit memo is a statement of credits; for example, a credit for returned
merchandise generates a credit memo. According to your store policy, you can apply
the credit to future orders or refund the customer’s payment method.
Cross-sell: Cross-sell products appear next to the shopping cart. When a customer
navigates to the shopping cart page, these products are displayed as cross-sells to the
items already in the shopping cart. They are similar to impulse buys, like magazines and
candy at the cash registers in grocery stores.
Downloadable product: A product, such as a media file, that the customer downloads
from the store after purchase. These downloadable files can reside on your server or be
provided as URLs to any other server.
Grouped product: This option enables you to display several similar products on a single
page. For example, if you are selling chefs’ knives and you have the same knife in four
sizes, you can make a grouped product to display all four of these sizes. Customers can
select the size(s) that they want and add them to the cart from this page.
Invoice: An invoice in Magento CE represents a confirmation of payment. More than
one invoice can be associated with a single order. If the products in an order are
shipped in multiple shipments, then an invoice is generated for each shipment for the
products in that shipment.
Order: An order is a request for goods.
Order status: The order status indicates where it is in the order cycle. In Magento CE, the
system order status values are the following:
The store administrator can create custom order statuses, assign them to order states and
set default status values for order states.
Product type: Magento CE classifies products as one of several predefined product types:
Simple Product, Virtual Product, Downloadable Product, Grouped Product,
Configurable Product, Bundle Product.
Related product: Related products are offered to the customer for purchase in addition to
the item that the customer is viewing.
Scope: Scope describes the extent of your store hierarchy to which a given setting is
effective. A setting can have a scope of Global (all websites, stores, and store views),
Website (the selected website and all stores and store views under it), Store (the selected
store and all store views under it), and Store View (the selected store view). Some
settings that are set at a higher level can be overridden at a lower level.
Search Engine Optimization (SEO): The set of techniques and strategies that ensure that
your site is listed prominently in search engine results, thereby increasing the likelihood
that customers will find your site.
Simple product: This is the most basic product type. It is suitable for all kinds of physical
Shipment: A shipment is a record of the products in an order that have been shipped.
More than one shipment can be associated with a single order.
Shopping cart: The set of products that a customer has selected to purchase, but has not
Store: The second level of your store hierarchy. A website can have multiple stores
(each, potentially, with its own root category), and a store can have multiple store views.
Store View: The lowest level of your store hierarchy. Typically, a store view is created
for each locale or language. All store views under a given store share the same catalog.
Customers use a drop-down list on the frontend to switch from one store view to
Tax rule: A combination of a product tax class, customer tax class, and tax rate. This rule
defines which tax calculation is applied.
Up-sell: An up-sell item is one that is offered to the customer as an alternative to the
product the customer is viewing. These products may be more expensive, of higher
quality, or more popular, or produce a higher profit margin.
Virtual Product: This is a product that does not require shipping or inventory. It is
generally used for warranties or services.
Website: The highest level of your store hierarchy. You can have multiple websites, and
each website can have a different domain name. Websites can be set up to share
customer data, or to not share data. Typically, each website has different lines of
products and may have different customer bases.
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